Knitting Basics: Yarn
Types of Yarn.
Wool Yarn- Lamb, Merino, Virgin, Shetland, Icelandic, Washable.
Novelty Yarn- Ribbon, Boucle, Chenille, Thick-Thin, Railroad, Faux Fur.
Specialty Yarn- Tweed, Heather, Marled, Variegated.
Preparing the fibers
1. Fibers are shipped in bales. The picker loosens and separates the lumps of fiber and also cleans the fiber if necessary. Blending of different staple fibers may be required for certain applications. Blending may be done during formation of the lap, during carding, or during drawing out.
Yarn Bombing and Weight
AZYarn weight has to do with the size of the yarn, the smaller the weight the thinner the yarn is.
Yarn Bombing- Some people knit things and paste them on walls as graffiti.
Yarn is initially a by-product of wool. It is thought that early man invented the art of twisting the strands out and making fibers. Man learned to extract yarn from other by-products like plants as the centuries progresses. It is believed that the earliest known samples of yarn were found near Robenhausen, Switzerland. There were bundles of flax fibers and yarns, that were estimated to be about 7,000 years old.
Yarn has natural and synthetic fibers. The most common are cotton, others include: acetate, linen, flax, animal fibers, wool, mohair, and silk.
Synthetic is made by forcing a solution of polymerized chemicals, which is later hardened in chemical bath. Types include:acrylic, nylon, polyester, polyolefin, rayon, spandex, and triacette.